1996-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 1.2. Information before car driving
+ 1.3. Independent maintenance
+ 1.4. Technical characteristics
- 1.5. Some councils upon car purchase
1.5.1. Changed numbers
1.5.2. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
1.5.3. Durability of the car
1.5.4. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
1.5.5. Preparation of the car for winter
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Running gear
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment
In order that the bought car did not become your headache and a razoritelnitsa of the family budget, it is necessary to treat her acquisition with all gravity and responsibility, without having regretted neither time, nor money.
First of all, understand, that you want. If the comfort is necessary to you, buy the car of a representation class and if you want that the invested money had material expression, buy American "cruiser" as its price will not frighten you, and big consumption of fuel will be compensated by low operational costs. If you the fan of distant trips and family rest on a nature bosom, the versatile person – that is necessary for you, and, believe, your choice will not disappoint you. It is convenient, capacious and modern.
To stop the choice it is best of all by the car of middle class with a type "LX" "/GL" body, they are well equipped and are in demand, but not be touched and do not spread additional money for the various additional equipment from which the power steering and the hatch in a roof are really valuable only. Automatic transmissions can become the reason of reduction of price at resale, especially at small cars.
So, you decided on model. Now, without hurrying up, start car survey.
Examine the car at natural lighting, instead of in garage or motor show so you can notice many distinctions of color shades.
About that looked after car, to you liquids and the pure engine oil, filled on level will tell.
Such insignificant details as worn-out protectors or pognuty disks will enough cost much at replacement.
Easily give out itself the given seats in salon, worn-out rugs and an upholstery, scratches, knock and unclear smells, rust and dampness existence in a luggage carrier. They be signs of long life, and to get rid of them quite expensively.
Do not forget to check work of the central blocking, fog lights, electrowindow regulators. Expensive repair of trifles to you to anything.
Having shaken wheels in the vertical plane and having considered wear drawing on each tire, you will check wear of a basic part of wheels and a lot of things learn about a condition of a suspension bracket and steering system.
Rock the car from each corner. So you will check serviceability of shock-absorbers and stability of position of the car on all four wheels, especially, if it is the versatile person or the car equipped with the towing device.
After external survey start check of the main mechanisms.
Change of transfer should be sure, and work of a transmission should be silent.
It is necessary to pass not less than 30 km on different roads to reveal all shortcomings of the car.
Be careful: if the car wags or leaves aside, at the best is the wrong disorder convergence, in the worst – погнуты suspension bracket or steering details.
Checking existence люфта, shake a wheel in the parties. In the presence of the power steering do not forget to be convinced that it is reliable at different speeds and loadings. By cars with a forward drive turn out a wheel on the maximum corner to check degree of wear of spherical support of equal angular speeds that is determined by a klatsayushchy sound.
The roar or swimming indicate wear of shock-absorbers and springs. Check electronic adjustment of shock-absorbers on different modes.
Attentively check brakes at different efforts. If the car leaves aside, it can be a zalipayushchy support. Wear of disks is indicated by a pedal going by pushes. Check also anti-blocking system of brakes (at movement the alarm bulb should not light up, and at start – on the contrary).
Having checked thus the darling, well think, whether there correspond your impressions to the specified run and, having weighed all pros and cons, decide. The qualified realized choice – a guarantee of that the car becomes your assistant and the friend.
Some more councils
Once in all guides to purchase of cars it was specified that wear of rubber of a pedal is a good indicator of size of run. Today this defect is too well-known to trust, after all rubber of pedals is easy for changing.
The upholstery in modern cars is much more durable, than established ten years ago, but all the same the place of the driver wears out first of all. Examine external edge (it rubs when the driver enters and leaves the car) – the age of the car is determined by it.
Check work and a condition of all lamps and other electric devices. The burst rasseivatel of headlights are especially important – some of them can cost very expensively.
The condition of a tire is a good indicator of run – the declared 40 000 km at unpaired tires cause strong suspicion! It is possible to consider also replacement cost, especially in case of low-profile and other special tires.
From a place of the driver check operation of devices and governing bodies – dangling handles, as well as a smooth surface of a rim of a steering wheel, point to big run.